Thirteen Things about Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria
1. She was born on May 13, 1717 to Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and his consort.
2. Her father spent most of his reign creating alliances and issuing documents (Pragmatic Sanction) to insure that she would inherit the hereditary Hapsburg lands
3. She married Francis, Duke of Lorraine in 1736. By all accounts it was a love match - at least on her side.
4. When her father died in 1740, Frederick the Great of Prussia, refused to recognize the Pragmatic Sanction and invaded Silesia, beginning the War of Austrian Succession.
5. Charles Albert, Prince-Elector of Bavaria, also refused to recognize the Pragmatic Sanction and claimed the Holy Roman Throne as Charles VII. He was Maria Theresa's cousin by marriage.
6. When Charles VII died in 1745, she insured that her husband, Francis, became Francis I.
7. Although technically the royal consort, she was effectively the ruler. In fact, she styled herself Holy Roman Empress.
8. She was the only woman to rule during the nearly 600-year Hapsburg dynasty.
9. She had 16 children in all - 5 sons and 11 daughters.
10. All of her girls were given the first name Maria.
11. Two of her sons would follow their father as Holy Roman Emperor.
12. When her husband died in 1765, she wore mourning for the rest of her life.
13. She died on November 29, 1780.Today's Question: Who was her youngest daughter?
Labels: Hapsburgs, Holy Roman Empire, Maria Theresa, Thursday Thirteen