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Friday, November 30, 2007
Leopold II
Before he became Holy Roman Emperor upon the death of his older brother, Joseph II, Peter Leopold Joseph of Hapsburg-Lorraine was Grand Duke of Tuscany. He was the ninth child of Empress Maria Theresa.

As Grand Duke of Tuscany, he was a liberal ruler and implemented many reforms. The one he is most known for is penal reform in which Tuscany became the first state to abolish the death penalty in 1786.

Over 500 cities around the world, including 34 capitals worldwide celebrate November 30 in commemoration of this event.

Today's Question: What is today called in celebration of the first abolition of the death penalty by a European state?

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3 Comments:
Blogger Scribbit said...
You've got me on this one. Not having had much experience with the death penalty myself :)

Blogger robynl said...
Amnesty International

Blogger Denise Patrick said...
Sorry, Robyn, not Amnesty International. As a hint, if you look up Leopold II on Wikipedia, you might find the answer.

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