Before he became Holy Roman Emperor upon the death of his older brother, Joseph II, Peter Leopold Joseph of Hapsburg-Lorraine was Grand Duke of Tuscany. He was the ninth child of Empress Maria Theresa.
As Grand Duke of Tuscany, he was a liberal ruler and implemented many reforms. The one he is most known for is penal reform in which Tuscany became the first state to abolish the death penalty in 1786.
Over 500 cities around the world, including 34 capitals worldwide celebrate November 30 in commemoration of this event.Today's Question: What is today called in celebration of the first abolition of the death penalty by a European state?
Labels: abolition, Death penalty, Hapsburgs, Leopold II, Tuscany