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Wednesday, April 11, 2007
William and Mary
William and Mary have the distinction of being the only husband and wife team crowned as co-rulers in England. William III, Prince of Orange, and Mary II were first cousins - both being a grandchild of Charles II.

After the scare Parliament received from the very Catholic Stuarts, it took no chances before inviting William and Mary to take the throne of England. Once Charles II was driven out and William held England, he and Mary were only offered the throne if they agreed to the Declaration of Rights, a lengthy document that declared, among other things, a Catholic could not be king or queen of England since "it hath been found by experience that it is inconsistent with the safety and welfare of this protestant kingdom to be governed by a papist prince". Since then, all sovereigns have been required to swear a coronation oath to maintain the Protestant religion.

When I told the people of Northern Ireland that I was an atheist, a woman in the audience stood up and said, 'Yes, but is it the God of the Catholics or the God of the Protestants in whom you don't believe?' ~~Quentin Crisp.


This Day in History:
William III and Mary II are crowned at Westminster Abbey as co-monarchs of England on April 11 of what year?

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3 Comments:
Blogger robynl said...
William and Mary were crowned together at Westminster Abbey on 11 April 1689 by the Bishop of London, Henry Compton.

1689, and that was from memory. Impressed? No, I just spent hours making one of those History of the Monarchy charts at school. All I really remember about them was that Mary was the one who inherited the throne, but William was really the force behind it. She died before him, too.

Funnily enough, Mary I was also pressured by her husband to allow him to become king. Being that he was already king of Spain, I thought this was rather greedy.

Blogger Denise Patrick said...
1689 it is! And, Kate, I have a puzzle in my basement somewhere (don't ask me to find it) that has all the monarchs of England on it in order. I learned quite a bit just putting it together time after time. It's probably a lot like the chart you just created. Fun, fun!

As for Mary I, I agree - her husband was just plain greedy. Parliament really wanted just Mary II, but she was the one who insisted on William also getting the crown. Then, she did all the work while he spent most of his time fighting wars on the continent.

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