In the interest of equal coverage, let's head to Asia for today's facts.
The first Sino-Japanese War in 1894-1895 resulted in a clear victory for Japan. So much so that once the terms of the treaty got out, Russia (and it's allies, France and Germany) intervened on China's behalf. Of course, Russia wasn't being charitable by any means.
Tsar Nicholas II of Russia had long coveted an ice-free port to help establish Russia as a world power. Lushun, then called Port Arthur by westerners, on the Liaodon Peninsula was such a port and Russia moved as quickly as possible to secure it. The peninsula was ceded
to Japan in the treaty, but this was rescinded after intervention by Russia (and its allies). The Russian government then pressured China to lease Liaodong and the strategically important port for use by the Russian Navy.
China, under other terms of the treaty, gave up all claim to Korea and paid Japan reparations of nearly 8 million kg of silver (approx. 33 million dollars). This was despite former American Secretary of State, John A. Foster, advising China.This Day in History: What was the name of the treaty ending the first Sino-Japanese War signed on April 17, 1895?
Labels: China, Japan, Treaties